New Horizons is an interplanetary space probe that was launched as a part of NASA’s New Frontiers program. Engineered by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) and the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), with a team led by S. Alan Stern, the spacecraft was launched in 2006 with the primary mission to perform a flyby study of the Pluto system in 2015, and a secondary mission to fly by and study one or more other Kuiper belt objects (KBOs) in the decade to follow. It is the fifth space probe to achieve the escape velocity needed to leave the Solar System.
On January 19, 2006, New Horizons was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station by an Atlas V rocket directly into an Earth-and-solar escape trajectory with a speed of about 16.26 km/s (10.10 mi/s; 58,500 km/h; 36,400 mph). At launch, it was the fastest probe ever launched from Earth. After a brief encounter with asteroid 132524 APL, New Horizons proceeded to Jupiter, making its closest approach on February 28, 2007, at a distance of 2.3 million kilometers (1.4 million miles). The Jupiter flyby provided a gravity assist that increased New Horizons’ speed; the flyby also enabled a general test of New Horizons’ scientific capabilities, returning data about the planet’s atmosphere, moons, and magnetosphere.
Most of the post-Jupiter voyage was spent in hibernation mode to preserve on-board systems, except for brief annual checkouts. On December 6, 2014, New Horizons was brought back online for the Pluto encounter, and instrument check-out began. On January 15, 2015, the spacecraft began its approach phase to Pluto.
On July 14, 2015, at 11:49 UTC, it flew 12,500 km (7,800 mi) above the surface of Pluto, making it the first spacecraft to explore the dwarf planet. On October 25, 2016, at 21:48 UTC, the last of the recorded data from the Pluto flyby was received from New Horizons. Having completed its flyby of Pluto, New Horizons then maneuvered for a flyby of Kuiper belt object (486958) 2014 MU69, which occurred on January 1, 2019, when it was 43.4 AU from the Sun. In August 2018, NASA cited results by Alice on New Horizons to confirm the existence of a “hydrogen wall” at the outer edges of the Solar System. This “wall” was first detected in 1992 by the two Voyager spacecraft.
During it’s mission, it gave us a lot of information on Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto and Kuiper belt [a region of circumstellar circle in the external Solar System, reaching out from the circle of Neptune from 30 AU (
4 487 936 121 km) to around 50 AU( 7 479 893 535 km ) from the Sun. It is like the space rock belt, yet is far bigger—multiple times as wide and 20 to multiple times as massive. Like the space rock belt, it comprises principally of little bodies or remainders from when the Solar System framed.]
Jovian moons imaged by New Horizons
Europa imaged on February 27, 2007, from a distance of 3.1 million km (1.9 million mi). Image scale is 15 km per pixel (9.3 mi/px).
Ganymede imaged on February 27, 2007, from a distance of 3.5 million km (2.2 million mi). Image scale is 17 km per pixel (11 mi/px).
Callisto imaged on February 27, 2007, from a distance of 4.7 million km (2.9 million mi).
Ultima Thule, (486958) 2014 MU69, nicknamed Ultima Thule, is a trans-Neptunian object situated in the Kuiper belt. It is a contact paired 31 km (19 mi) since quite a while ago, made out of two joined bodies 19 km (12 mi) and 14 km (9 mi) over that are nicknamed “Ultima” and “Thule”, individually. With an orbital time of 298 years and a low tendency and unusualness, it is named a traditional Kuiper belt object. With the New Skylines space test’s flyby on 1 January 2019, 2014 MU69 turned into the most distant item in the Nearby planetary group visited by a shuttle, and is accepted to be the most crude, the two bodies being planetesimal totals of a lot littler building squares.
2014 MU69 was found on 26 June 2014 by stargazers utilizing the Hubble Space Telescope as a component of a scan for a Kuiper belt object for the New Skylines mission to focus in its previously broadened mission; it was picked more than two different possibility to end up the essential focus of the mission. Its moniker, a Greco-Latin expression for a place past the referred to world, was picked as a feature of an open rivalry in 2018. The New Skylines group intends to present an appropriate name to the Global Cosmic Association after the rocket’s flyby on 1 January 2019, when the idea of the item is better known.